Oakland Council Erred by Slashing Police Staffing, Poll Finds
Panelists desire MORE officers — but also overwhelmingly support additional reforms.
More than 70 percent of the panelists who responded to our latest survey believe the city council erred by passing a budget that will force the police department to slash its staffing. Voters expect the council’s decision to manifest itself in a new wave of violent crime.
Yet panelists also overwhelmingly favored efforts to reform the nature of policing, including investing more in social services, making it easier to get rid of bad cops, and finding other ways to reform the undesirable elements of police culture. However, they believe that police work remains essential until crime is reduced by other means.
In fact, a majority of respondents believe that Oakland should increase its officer-staffing levels until they are closer to those of an average American city — with not a single panelist favoring additional efforts to reduce staff levels. As if to explain their thinking, 92 percent of the voters who could recall their own experience with the city’s 911 emergency system say it has been substandard.
Our survey asked a variety of questions about policing in Oakland after the council adopted a budget that Mayor Libby Schaaf says will make the city less safe by eliminating 41 police positions dedicated to 911 response, nine more for traffic enforcement, and two academies designed to help the city train 64 new officers. Some of that money was diverted to the city's Department of Violence Prevention.
Here are the specific questions and responses to our latest Oakland Power Poll:
What do you think about the loss of 50 police officers necessitated by the city’s new two-year budget?
The East Oakland councilmembers who opposed this were correct. If you think violent crime is bad now ... — 70%
That's a fine compromise, since some tasks are being redirected to civilians — 30%
The city should keep looking for ways to prune OPD's force, though not by half — 0%
Council President Bas was right to push for a vastly smaller department — 0%
According to an analysis of 2015-19 FBI crime data by the OPD’s Crime Analysis Section, Oakland consistently has more violent crimes per police officer than any of the nation’s 50 other largest cities — which average about twice as many cops per crime. Should our police staffing be based on our crime rate?
Yes, we should increase our staffing until it's more like that of an average city — 56%
No, we should search for other ways to reduce crime — 37%
Well, it would be nice if we had the money, but we also need to fund other things — 4%
Crime gets more attention that it deserves. There are other problems — 4%
Oakland’s 911 service consistently fails to meet the standards set by the National Emergency Number Association that 90 percent of all 911 calls should be answered within 10 seconds. What is your personal experience with Oakland 911?
Sometimes it is that fast, but not routinely — 46% of those who recall their experience (24% total)
Are you kidding? I’ve waited for a minute or more — 31% who recall (16% total)
It always takes me longer than that to reach a human — 15% who recall (8% total)
911 always answers me within 10 seconds — 8% who recall (4% total)
I don’t recall, or haven’t ever called 911 — 48% of total
Describe your general thoughts about policing and the OPD. Please select up to six positions you share, with the number 1 representing greatest agreement.
Until crime is reduced by other means, we can’t cut police spending — Score 3.64
We should invest more in social services and other means of crime reduction — Score 3.39
We can reform police culture without pretending that police are unnecessary — Score 3.32
It needs to be vastly easier to get rid of bad cops — Score 3.21
Considering how violent Oakland is, the OPD does a good job — Score 1.5
The department is a mess. Let’s hope new Chief Armstrong is up to the task — Score 1.46
Not only is “defunding” stupid, but that rhetoric benefits Trump and his ilk — Score 1
The “defund” movement has it right. We spend way too much money on police — Score .68
Prison works. We’ll regret California's wave of decriminalization — Score .61
What are your other thoughts regarding OPD, police reform, and crime?
Our poll results demonstrate the superficiality of so many discussions of contemporary policing. Panelists displayed extremely strong support for efforts to change the culture of police work, including reforms to make it easier to get rid of bad cops, and greater investment in social services and other forms of crime reduction. In fact, those two positions were more popular than any other ranked-choice answer from all 15 prior polls. And no ranked-choice option polled more poorly this month than the proposition that "prison works." In the words of one panelist, “we should invest more in deterrence (beat cops, patrols, traffic enforcement) and social services (mental health, poverty, homelessness) and less on reacting to crimes once committed.”
And yet, even in one of the country’s most progressive cities, there was even more agreement that police work remains essential until crime is reduced by other means. There has never been a more popular ranked-choice answer in the history of this poll.
“It strikes me as horribly paternalistic that the non-Black members of the council think they know what’s best for East Oakland, where crime is the worst,” wrote one respondent, voicing an opinion shared by several. “Those council members have the luxury of making symbolic know-it-all gestures while East Oakland leaders and residents actually want more and better policing because those communities are suffering at the hands of crime the most.”
Added another: “It's not clear to me there is a plan in place that (1) identifies the services that need to be provided, (2) identifies which department(s) should deliver those services, and (3) lays out a timeline for changing the current model. I agree that we need to address root causes of crime. However, we need a plan that transitions us to a different model. I'm appalled that Councilmembers Reid and Taylor were not afforded more courtesy by their colleagues to the lived experiences of their constituents.”
Support was almost as high for the notion that Oakland can reform its police culture without pretending that police are unnecessary. And despite the high local visibility of sentiments to “defund” police, that notion polled horribly.
As far as support for the OPD itself, roughly equal numbers of voters supported the propositions that the department “does a good job” and “is a mess.” “OPD does a great job with the resources they have,” wrote one voter. Countered another: “I run a retail business and am often robbed in the evening. When I call for police reports, the police almost never come, sometimes 2-3 days after I call. In the last few years, I have lost over $100K, not to mention damage to fences and vehicles/equipment.”
One panelist connected the dots between the high cost of police work and the contracts in which those costs are set. “The city does not negotiate well with the police union," that member wrote. "The police union has a long-game view and the city negotiates from a short-term view — this makes it an uneven playing field and gives the union the upper hand, making staff more expensive (i.e. retirement programs).”
Here and elsewhere, discussions about public safety too often boil down to the crude reductionism of “defund the police” vs. “fortify the police.” Our panelists are saying they actually would prefer to “improve the police.”
“It starts at the top, which means it starts with elected officials,” one panelist wrote. “There have been decades of mismanagement and poor policy decisions. While there needs to be so much more invested in education, after-school programs and 'pathways to success' (technical schools, etc) in order to give future generations guidance and hope, as well as create good employment, we need OPD to be strong AND representative of our community in order to help connect with and manage the current generation.”
So what else can be done to minimize police involvement in mental-health crises and redirect their attention to solving crimes? Where are the city’s efforts to change how new recruits are evaluated and hired? And will the council ever revisit the labor rules that so often force Oakland and other cities to retain even those officers who are no longer desired by their own departments?
When it comes to public safety, Power Poll panelists would like their city council to adopt a more nuanced view of things.
Photograph by Daniel Arauz-Creative Commons.
Oakland Power Poll is not a scientific poll. Rather, we ask questions of influential people from a wide range of viewpoints to help advance informed dialogue about the city. Power Poll is non-partisan.
About Power Poll: Power Poll asks questions of the most powerful, influential people in U.S. cities. It is not a scientific survey. But because the people responding to the surveys comprise the leadership structure of their cities, the results afford a fascinating glimpse into the thoughts, opinions, and beliefs of those in a position to make change. Power Poll is distinctly nonpartisan.